“The Holy Spirit is the source of both unity and diversity”

from a homily by Pope John Paul II, given in 1987:

This unity does not at all erase diversity. On the contrary, it develops it. There is constantly “unity in diversity.” Through the work of the one Lord, by means of the one faith and the one baptism, this diversity – a diversity of human persons, of individuals – tends toward unity, a unity which is communion in the likeness of God the Trinity.

The unity of the Body of Christ gives life; at the same time, it serves diversity and develops it. This is the diversity of “everyone” and at the same time of “each one.” It is the truth that we finding the letter to the Ephesians, where Paul writes: “Each of us has received God’s favor in the measure in which Christ bestows it. . . . It is he who gave apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers in roles of service for the faithful to build up the body of Christ” (Eph. 4:7, 11-12). As such then it is the Holy Spirit who is the source of both the unity and diversity in the Church: the unity because it finds its origin solely in the spirit; the diversity since the Spirit bestows the variety of gifts, the variety of vocations and ministries found in the Church, which is the Body of Christ and at the same time the People of God.

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